Gilman's Influences: Van Gogh, Gauguin and Cezanne
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In 1910 Harold Gilman first encountered works by Cézanne, Gauguin, and van Gogh in Roger Fry’s seminal exhibition ‘Manet and Post-Impressionists’. They had an overwhelming impact on him.
He had seen examples of modern painting before, and experimented with Vuillard’s way of representing the domestic interior but the canvases in Roger Fry’s exhibition made a profound and lasting impression on his work, leading him in a new and exciting direction.
Of all the artists in the exhibition, it was van Gogh who really captivated the young artist and on whom he began to model himself, collecting reproductions of his art and regarding van Gogh’s painting as a standard of excellence to which he aspired.
Anna Gruetzner Robins examines the influence of the titans of post-impressionism on Gilman’s own post-impressionist paintings.
Anna Gruetzner Robins is Professor Emeritus, University of Reading. She has written widely on transnational exchanges including Modern Art in Britain 1910 to 1914 and also several essays on the reception of van Gogh in Britain in the catalogue for Van Gogh and Britain, Tate Britain, 2019.